GraalVM claims to “Run Programs Faster Anywhere 🚀”. Indeed, existing applications often run faster on GraalVM compared to OpenJDK and Oracle JDK. For example, Twitter reports 11 percent reduction in CPU utilization by using Graal CE. With GraalVM EE they were even able to reduce CPU utilization by a staggering 20 percent. What often remains undiscussed, however, is how GraalVM exactly achieves this performance speedup. In this blog post I try to answer this question by comparing GraalVM EE 20.0.0 to Oracle Java 8u241 on a number of benchmarks.
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